shrooms

What Are Shrooms?

Shrooms or magic mushrooms are slang terms used to refer to mushrooms containing psilocybin that people use to get high. Shrooms can include a variety of naturally-occurring mushrooms. They are often dried and crushed before being smoked, packed into small capsules, or brewed with tea for consumption. A hallucinogen, people who use shrooms report changes in their perception, mood, and thought.

The Long-Term Effects of Shrooms on the Body & Mind

While psychedelic mushroom can lead to an immediate and euphoric high for some, they can also lead to a bad trip for others. With continued use, there can also be some long-term effects of mushrooms, but research on the area is still lacking.

According to some current research, possible long-term effects of shrooms may include:

  • Flashback hallucinations
  • Changes in personality or mood
  • Tolerance

Occurrence of these flashbacks is formerly known as Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD). These flashbacks occur long after the psilocybin has left the person’s system but will usually result in the person reexperiencing a hallucination from a previous shroom trip. Flashbacks from hallucinogenic drugs can sometimes occur even years after last taking one of these substances but are typically fleeting. The person also tends to be aware that they are hallucinating. 1,2

Changes in a person’s personality or mood are also other potential psilocybin long-term effects. While the exact long-term effects of mushrooms are unpredictable and largely unknown, there is some evidence to suggest that small doses of psilocybin could be used in mental health or substance abuse treatment. It is important to note that the use of psilocybin was monitored by medical professionals in a controlled setting and shrooms’ side effects long-term may not be the same. Further research needs to be done on the efficacy of this drug as well as the long-term effects of shrooms on the brain.

The physical long-term effects of shroom are rare. For now, negative physical effects are sometimes believed to be connected to underlying psychological disorders that were present before taking the drug.2 Some researcher also suggest that long-term health problems from psilocybin were a result of multiple doses as well as use with other substances at the same time.4

While the long-term effects of shrooms may not be as alarming as some other substances of abuse, there is still a lot that is not known about this drug. Recreational use can lead to dangers like mistaken poisoning or injury while under the influence. Unforeseen negative effects of psilocybin may have yet to be revealed by research. There are also increased risks and dangers when shroom are consumed with other drugs or medications. While potentially part of promising treatment for co-occurring disorders, substance abuse, or mental health conditions, psilocybin and shrooms could be dangerous when used recreationally.

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